Despite the fact that President Andrés Manuel López Obrador affirms that the permanence of the Army in tasks of public security is necessary to combat the high rates of violence in the country, official data shows that in this administration the military deployment is not focused on the entities with the most intentional homicidesbut towards those governed by Morena.
On Tuesday, the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security System (SESNSP) presented your monthly crime reportin which he referred that, from January to August 2022, six entities registered 10 thousand 108 victims of intentional homicidea figure that represents 48.7% of the total (20 thousand 722).
According to the information provided by the prosecutors and prosecutors of the 32 entities in the country, it is about Guanajuato (2 thousand 115 victims of intentional homicide), Lower California (1,801), Michoacan (1,767), Mexico state (1,696), Jalisco (thousand 394) and chihuahua (1,335).
In contrast, the Secretary of National Defense (Sedena) reports that among the six entities with the greatest military deployment are the Mexico City, Guerrero, Michoacan and Veracruzwhich are governed by Morena and which as a whole add 21 thousand 990 soldiers in its streets. This figure represents a quarter of all military personnel assigned to public security tasks.
Of those entities, only Michoacán —where Alfredo Ramírez Bedolla has governed since 2021— is among the six most violent in the country. Guanajuato and Baja California, which occupy places one and two in victims of intentional homicide, are in places eight and 13 in terms of military deployment.
Last week, specialists consulted by Political Animal they pointed out that there is “a political logic” in the deployment military and elements of the National Guard in the states, not a tactical-strategic criterion.
These numbers are released while Congress is discussing a reform promoted by Morena and its allies to extend the presence of soldiers and sailors in public security tasks until 2028.
Yesterday, the Senate decided to pause the debate on the topic and return the opinion to committeeswithout knowing for now when the process will resume.
6 out of 10 victims of intentional homicide die by firearm
Another piece of information that the SESNSP produced in its monthly report refers to the fact that six out of 10 victims of intentional homicide reported in the six most violent states died by firearm. This translates into 7 thousand 242 people.
On Tuesday, during the morning press conference of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, Rosa Icela Rodríguez, head of the Secretariat for Security and Citizen Protection (SSPC), pointed out that, in the case of Guanajuato, Baja California, Michoacán, Jalisco and the State of Mexico, there is a downward trend in intentional homicides, while in the case of Chihuahua this incidence has been contained within the same parameters for three months.
In a disaggregated manner, the SESNSP data show that, although in four of the aforementioned states there was a decrease in victims of intentional homicide, Michoacán and Baja California did not follow this trend. On the contrary, the number of victims by firearm increased.
In the case of Michoacán, the increase was more abrupt, going from 1,278 fatalities from January to August 2021 to 1,460 in the same period of 2022, while in Baja California it went from 1,213 to 1,226.
Mexican authorities have repeatedly pointed out that one of the main reasons why so many Mexicans are murdered on national territory It is because of the illegal trafficking of arms that come from the United States.
For this reason, since August 2021, the Mexican government has been involved in an international legal dispute against the company Smith & Wesson and 10 other US armorieswhom he accuses of alleged negligence and carelessness in selling weapons.
During the hearings prior to reaching a trial, the armories have requested the dismissal of the lawsuit on the grounds that Mexico does not have the capacity to sue them, since they enjoy “procedural immunity” by the Law for the Protection of the Legal Trade of Arms, which since 2005 has protected US arms manufacturers and distributors from civil lawsuits.
However, because Democratic attorneys general from 13 US states have filed briefs in support of Mexico, as well as countries such as Antigua and Barbuda and Belize, the case has been able to move forward and is currently awaiting a trial date.
Black figure and lack of damage repair
Despite the fact that the figures from the SESNSP are used by the federal government to present advances in public security and by civil organizations to analyze the incidence of crime, various experts in the field have criticized the existence of a black figure for various crimes caused by the same authorities.
David Saucedo, a specialist in public security, considers that the country has a very strong problem in law enforcement and that this problem is repeated systematically. “We have a black figure of unreported crimes; of those who are reported, few are investigated, and of those who are finally investigated, few obtain a conviction”, he said in an interview.
“In more advanced law enforcement systems, the fourth step is repairing the damage. In Mexico, we are not even in a position to have metrics to know how many people who were victims of a crime received reparation for the damage, regardless of what type of reparation would have been. That is, of the economic or material type. We don’t have any metrics in this regard,” he explained.
The foregoing, in his opinion, is largely caused because “the deployments of the Army, as has been mentioned on different occasions, are deployments of a deterrent presence; that is, they really do not do research work or dismantle criminal networks.”
That is why —in a previous interview—, he warned that extending the military presence in the streets until 2028 is not a solution, but rather a measure to generate “false confidence” among the citizens.
“In fact, (the governors of Morena) campaigned against the previous governors, pointing out the serious deterioration that public security had suffered. Morena benefited from the climate of insecurity in a political-electoral way, but now that they are the government they are suffering the wear and tear that having a cartel war produces among the electorate, ”he said.