COLIMA.- This January 25 marks one year of what was initially called: “incident” inside the Colima Social Reintegration Center; which cost the lives of 9 inmates and left seven injured, but which triggered an increase in violence with a balance that only in victims of intentional homicide totals more than 900.
On the morning of that Tuesday, January 25, 2022, the news of a violent act inside the prison began to spread through social networks, then relatives of the inmates reported that they had been removed or were no longer allowed to enter.
Inhabitants that adjoin the prison building reported the sounds of detonations and columns of smoke began to be seen in the distance. The mobilization of vehicular units of various police corporations from the three levels of government entered swiftly and quickly.
Vehicles from relief organizations such as the Mexican Red Cross and Civil Protection were also present.
The Government of the State of Colima, headed by Indira Vizcaíno Silva, was slow to come out to report. Almost at noon, the president said that it was an “incident” between insiders, without giving further details, only clarifying that the events had begun at 09:00 a.m. and at 10:00 a.m. control was already in place.
Indira refers to an ‘incident’ between inmates at Cereso de Colima; She says that the state authority controlled at 10:00 a.m.
In the history of the entity, an event of this magnitude had not been recorded, considering the seven injured and the number of deaths -initially it was mentioned as 8 and as the days went by the figure was adjusted to 9- but neither for the cause of death, that a large part of the deceased were due to firearm wounds, in addition to bladed weapons and blows.
Then would come the explanation of how these objects entered, which according to the then head of the Public Security Secretariat, Manuel Llerandi Ruiz, had been “blown” from outside to inside, passing the perimeter fences that are guarded by staff at their corners. found in the watchtowers.
From that day to date, it has not been mentioned that any authority or custodian of the penitentiary center has been punished; Yes, there was a change of command, but so far, it has not been reported whether responsibilities were established for these unfortunate events that have “complicated” the administration of the state president, which did not look good from the beginning due to financial issues.
The Colima State Prosecutor’s Office, headed by Bryant Alejandro García Ramírez, came out in the first weeks to give press conferences and to inform little by little about the work that was being carried out, blaming inmates for these deaths, accumulating more crimes and convictions than they had expected. they already had. The explanation of how the weapons entered remains unclear.
escalation of violence
The “incident” came to be called a fight and then defined as a “realignment” between organized crime groups, which has led to violence.
“The conditions of relocation of criminal groups are generating all this violence”, as stated on December 2, 2022, Francisco Javier Almazán Torres, spokesman for the State Coordination Table for the Construction of Peace and State Security of Colima, when questioned about the figures for homicides, femicides, attempted homicides, and disappearances that are recorded and reported.
And it is that after that Tuesday, January 25, there was an apparent calm of two weeks, because as of Monday, February 7, the violent acts began, one day and another as well.
A gusty house in the Lomas de Vista Hermosa neighborhood in the city and municipality of Colima, at three in the morning was the watershed; The authorities’ report indicated that 221 casings were located in the place.
221 casings were counted in a bursting house this morning in Colima
At night of that same day, he was aware of the murder of a man to the south of the capital of Colima, in the La Rivera neighborhood.
From then on, the number of intentional homicides increased, mainly in the metropolitan area of Colima and Villa de Álvarez, but the rest of the municipalities were not exempt.
Of 50 homicides in January, February with fewer calendar days totaled 68, and March was the month with the highest number, almost doubling the figure for the first month of the year, registering 98 victims.
In April this rearrangement of organized crime claimed 83 lives, May again went up and ended with 97 victims; June and July predicted a downward trend by registering 72 and 56 homicides respectively.
However, again August went to 76, September to 71 and October passed the barrier of 80, ending with 87 people dead.
Finally, in November 63 intentional homicides were reported and December 65; thus closed 2022 with 887 victims of intentional homicide.
Added to this are at least 99 clandestine graves with 107 bodies, 265 attempted homicide victims (injured), houses and cars blasted and burned, as well as the discovery of blankets and cardboard with threatening messages and even kidnappings or kidnappings.
Of the homicides registered in the month of January, almost finished, there is still no official count; Although it is true that they have decreased in number, it is worth noting that the head of the Kidnapping Unit in Colima, Martha Esther Rodríguez Cerna, was murdered during this period.
Also noteworthy is the fact that during 2022, 17 elements from the security and justice areas were executed, in addition to some who were also victims of intentional homicide but attempted, that is, they were injured.
Arrival of police forces
After the acts of violence registered inside the Colima Social Reintegration Center, on January 25, 2022, the presence of federal officials from the security area began to be visible; among them the head of the Secretary of Security and Citizen Protection, Rosa Icela Rodríguez; as well as the heads of Sedena and Semar, Luis Cresencio Sandoval and José Rafael Ojeda Durán, respectively, even the national president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, was in Colima to give the accolade.
On his last visit, the President of Mexico announced that Indira Vizcaíno Silva had been threatened, without giving further details.
In addition, the coming and going of elements of the National Guard, the Mexican Army and Marines have been observed. The arrival of thousands was announced, there were great tours of the main roads of Colima and Villa de Álvarez to show the arrival of the police force, dressed in vehicular units, weapons and helicopters.
However, in the opinion of a large part of the population, their presence has been subordinated to guarding crime scenes.
The authorities have made an effort to publicize the results of the strategy that they claim is reviewed every day at the State Coordination Table for the Construction of Peace and Security of the State of Colima, in which authorities from the three levels of government.
It has been insisted that efforts are redirected time and time again, and that these give results.
The Governor of Colima, Indira Vizcaíno Silva, recently pointed out that when there is an action by organized crime, the government is obliged to react and has done so, but they also work on prevention, which is a priority for her government.
The foregoing, when questioned by this information agency, that the constant acts of violence that have been recorded in recent months, would make one think that crime is the one that sets the agenda in terms of security.
“If there is an action by organized crime, we are obliged to react, or in no way that we do not react, we are obliged to react, but that does not mean that it is the only thing that is done, prevention is a priority in this government, and attention to that It is essential that there be coordination with all the instances that are involved in this regard, and we have also been doing that and it has been maintained since day one and it is strengthened and updated practically week after week. And that is why I was talking a while ago about the indicators of what has been achieved and what still needs to be done,” he said.
In addition to searches and a handful of detainees, the largest on the same date generated when two women were kidnapped, only one arrest considered relevant has been announced, that of the alleged generator of violence in the state of Colima, José Bernabé «N » alias «La Vaca», who was seized in Mexico City, in a coordinated operation by the Ministry of National Defense, the National Intelligence Center, the Ministry of Citizen Security and the CDMX Attorney General’s Office.
Sedena explains how the arrest of José Bernabé “N” alias “La Vaca” was carried out, alleged generator of violence in Colima
In the case of the recently murdered head of the Kidnapping Combat Unit that occurred on January 11, the arrest of an alleged perpetrator was announced on January 20, Kevin Humberto “N.”
State Coordination Table reports arrest of allegedly involved in the homicide of the head of the Specialized Unit to Combat Kidnapping
Also noteworthy are the arrests of some allegedly involved in cases of attacks on justice and security personnel.
Even on January 24, the arrest of an alleged person responsible for the death of Deputy Roberto Chapula de la Mora was announced, more than 9 months after his murder, which occurred on May 2, 2022.
But of the bulk of the number of intentional homicides, little has been said, sometimes the due process of the investigation folders is argued.
Given this premise, this information agency has insisted on knowing at least percentages of progress of the more than 800 folders that should have been integrated due to the number of intentional homicides reported, but the authorities have not yet provided that data and it is becoming more and more The press conferences of the spokesperson of the Coordination Board, which were initially established with the objective of keeping society informed and meeting the information demands of the media, have been spaced out.
The Governor of Colima has insisted that this process of decomposition in the field of state security has been in progress for several six-year terms, at least three, and that the results will not arrive in the short term.
“I know that the circumstance or circumstances that led our state to begin a straight line of increase in rates of violence in our state in the last fifteen years or so, well, it was like that, it was not something that happened overnight. for another, it was something that was generated over time and for me, I am convinced that the solution will also be in the medium and long term ».
The increase in violence started 15 years ago, indicated Indira; She said that she hopes that not so many pass to achieve peace
«No immediate solution guarantees us that it is real, because it would perhaps only be to cover the sun with a finger and later this could return with much more forcefulness; and from our point of view, the only real solution in the medium and long term, we can achieve it with the generation of opportunities for all equally”.
When questioned by this information agency, if it will take 15 years to recover the peace conditions that the entity had, he said that he hopes it will not be so many years, but he did not set a date.
“Well no, I hope not, that they don’t have to spend so many years.”
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