La Jornada – The number of births grew 17.4% in 2021, for the first time since 2010

La Jornada – The number of births grew 17.4% in 2021, for the first time since 2010
La Jornada – The number of births grew 17.4% in 2021, for the first time since 2010

Mexico City. The number of births registered in Mexico increased in 2021, for the first time since 2010, with an increase of 17.4 percent compared to 2020, up to one million 912 thousand 178 births, revealed the Statistics of Registered Births 2021. However , population growth continues to decline.

According to the statistical data released this Wednesday by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi), the number of births registered in the country increased, after a decade, but the figure is the second lowest, after the of 2020, since there is a record in 1994.

However, the autonomous institute specified that of the registered births, 61.3 percent (one million 171 thousand 953) occurred in 2021, while 26.4 percent (504 thousand 677) in 2020 and, the complement, in previous years.

Due to the above, the total number of births that occurred in 2021 was one million 171 thousand 953, which represented a decrease of 30 percent (502 thousand 295 births) compared to 2020 (one million 674 thousand 248), and was the number lowest since 2012 reported by Inegi.

In 2021, the rate of registered births per thousand women of reproductive age was 55.6. The increase was 7.7 units from a year earlier, but remained below historical levels.

The states with the highest rates were Chiapas, with 99.8; Guerrero, with 72.5 and Zacatecas, with 67.9. In contrast, those that reported the lowest rates were Mexico City, Yucatán and Baja California Sur with 37.4, 43.6 and 45.5, respectively.

Young and with medium studies

Last year, mothers between the ages of 20 and 29 at the time of birth accounted for 51.4 percent of all registered births. Among mothers under 15 years of age, 6,476 (0.34 percent) of the registered births occurred.

The education levels that mothers reported the most at the time of registration were secondary school or equivalent, with 660 thousand 154 cases (34.5 percent) and high school or equivalent, with 475 thousand 821 cases (24.9 percent). Meanwhile, professional women reported 270 thousand 378 births, 14.1 percent of the cases.

Of the mothers, 60.3 percent (one million 152 thousand 255) declared not to work at the time of registration; while 32.8 percent (628 thousand 91) reported that they did and 6.9 (131 thousand 832) did not specify their activity status.

Free union was the marital status most declared by the mothers at the time of registration, with 987 thousand 452 (51.6 percent) cases, followed by those who stated they were married, with 458 thousand 275 (24 percent).

Unlike women, the percentage of men who declared working at the time of registration reached 84.8 percent (one million 622 thousand 179), 14.1 percent (268 thousand 508) did not specify their condition and 1.1 percent said they did not work.

There were 111 thousand 172 registered births of mothers who were between 10 and 17 years old at the time of birth. Chiapas, Guerrero and Puebla (11.7, 9.3 and 8.4, in that order) were the entities that presented the highest birth rates in this age range, while Mexico City, Hidalgo and Nuevo León (3.5, 4.2 and 4.3) were the states with the lowest rates. Nationally, the rate was 6.3.

The hospital or clinic was the place where most deliveries were attended, since, of the one million 912 thousand 178 cases, one million 689 thousand 996 (88.4 percent) occurred in them. 91 thousand 336 deliveries (4.8 percent) were attended in private homes.


The article is in Spanish

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